What are the causes of the Iranian revolution?

What are the causes of the Iranian revolution?

In the late 1970s, the Pahlavi Dynasty was ousted and supplanted by another Islamic Republic of Iran. The upset was for the most part peaceful, despite the fact that there were episodes of equipping battle. Here is a review of the occasions that hinted at the Iranian transformation, just as the occasions in the insurgency and the fallout. 

Prior to the Revolution 

Western and Secular Influences on Iranian Society Before the Revolution 

Preceding the transformation, Iran was administered by a government headed by Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi. The Shah was intensely US-upheld and advanced westernization which numerous Iranians accepted was weakening their indigenous culture and qualities. A division of genders, which had been a customary practice, had been prohibited. Ladies during this period wore western garments instead of the hijab and could now go to class, vote, and work. The new rights to the ladies were grasped by the first class society while Islam Puritans saw it as secularization. An increasingly common interpretation of religion was embraced, where strict minorities could hold office. 

Discontent With the Pahlavi Dynasty 

Because of the Shah's monetary changes, Iran had risen into the positions as an all around impressive mechanical economy. By the late 1970s, the economy had stagnated, and swelling prompted a greater expense of living. Iranians everywhere throughout the nation were disappointed with the system and saw it as having flopped on its monetary guarantee combined with defilement and the inadequacy among open authorities. 

The system of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi was extremely harsh, and utilized the SAVAK, who were the American-prepared mystery police, for mass homicide, torment, and detainments of those against his legislature. The Shah's belief system that westernization was the apparatus for Iran's advancement was viewed as having fizzled, and the Iranians felt that they should turn around to Islam. 

Understudy, Left-wing, and Conservative Shia Sentiments Against the Shah's Government 

The administration was intensely contradicted by the Conservative Shia Muslims drove by Ayatollah Khomeini. The premise of their contentions against the legislature adopted a social and strict strategy. The Conservative Shia blamed the Shah for crushing Islam through the promotion of Western qualities. 

Iranian Muslim Students, who had been presented to the thoughts of Ayatollah Khomeini, progressively started to help the possibility of an Islamic State. The left-wing Islamist bunches empowered the utilization of outfitted battle as the way to topple the Shah's system. 

Setting the Revolution in Motion 

The mid 1970s carried with it an expansion in Iran's economy, and the Shah was censured for his excess while most Iranians were enduring in neediness. The Shah's legislature smothered any type of obstruction and had banished Ayatollah Khomeini. By the beginning of 1977 notwithstanding, Khomeini belief systems started to spread in Iran through carried sound tapes. Khomeini called for strikes, refusal to make good on duty, blacklists, and even affliction for the Islam religion. The demise of Khomeini's child in 1977, which was accused on the SAVAK, expanded Khomeini's promotion. Associations restricted to the legislature additionally sprung up in Iran, which energized open opposition. 

During the Revolution 

Significant Events 

Exhibitions started in January of 1978 with strict understudies who were fighting a libelous article with analysis against Khomeini distributed by a Tehran paper. Numerous understudies were executed by the administration, which started off across the nation fights gathered in strict organizations. Fights flooded after the multi day standard grieving period in Shi'ite customs for the understudies. Organizations saw as western, for example, films and bars were leveled to the ground. Passings during fights served to fuel more exhibitions. The Shah endeavored to organize changes to subdue down the fights, however, he in the long run fled Iran on January 16, 1979. Khomeini came back to Iran in February in 1979. 

After the Revolution 


A submission was held in April of 1979, and Iranians cast a ballot overwhelmingly to build up an Islamic Republic. Another constitution was embraced, and Ayatollah Khomeini turned into the Supreme Leader of the Republic of Iran. 

Worldwide Versus Internal Perceptions of the Revolution 

The Iranian Revolution stunned the world as it was not brought about by monetary issues, but instead social change. The Economic emergency had been, up to that point, the main source of upheavals and Iran had been getting a charge out of relative monetary success. Iranians saw the upset as the best way to square western impact in their nation. 


A traditionalist guideline in Iran was upheld, and previous patriots, elites, and left-wing progressives were sidelined in the new system. Severe clothing standards were executed and thoroughly upheld. Iraq felt compromised by Iran and, to dodge the chance of a Shia unrest in Iraq, the nation attacked Iran in 1980, a war that went on for a long time. The war served to join Iranians against the US-bolstered Iraq powers. 

Geopolitical Outlook of Iran Following the Revolution and Today 

The reign of Khomeini as Supreme profound pioneer finished in 1989 with his passing, and he was prevailed by Hojatoleslam Seyed Ali Khamenei, who had been president since August of 1981. Khamenei drove the influx of progressive perfectionists who immovably put stock in a non-settling on progressive goals. The Revolutionary Guards in Iran have ascended in status to be a political and monetary power. Approvals are set on Iran by the US progressively disconnected Iran, a circumstance which can at present be seen today. While Iran's economy remains to a great extent dependent on oil, numerous Iranians are disappointed with the apparent expansion and defilement in the administration. Iran stays an Islamic state right up 'till today.

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